DMC & Incoming Tour Operator to Brazil and all of South America BIT 25 Years

Fauna & Flora

Fauna & Flora 


The richness and diversity of Brazilian fauna and flora is astounding, and the country ranks first in the world for numbers of species of primates, amphibians and plants; third for bird species; and fourth for species of butterflies and reptiles.



The Pantanal


Covering an area about half the size of France, the Pantanal is a vast wetland area spread across the borders of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. The rainy season, from October to March, creates an enormous flooded area relieved by patches of dry land, where most of the Pantanal's wealth of animals shelter together. The waters begin to recede in March, and remain low until the following rainy season. This flooding has made systematic farming of the region impractical, leaving an enormously rich feeding ground for wildlife. Birds are easiest to see, with over 600 species present, but the Pantanal is also a sanctuary for the giant river otter, anacondas, iguanas, jaguars, ocelets, cougars, thousands upon thousands of "jacarés" [cayman], deer, giant anteaters, black howler monkeys, zubu bulls and "capyvaras", the world's largest rodents. The richness and diversity of the Pantanal's flora and fauna is, quite simply, unforgettable.


The Amazon


This is the world's largest equatorial rainforest and counts for 30% of the planet's existing forests. The rainforest ecosystem is very rich, but as most animal and plant activity takes place 20 to 40 metres above ground, unaware tourists, comparing it to the Pantanal, may be somewhat disappointed. It is in this canopy layer that spectacular plants compete for sunshine and the majority of the birds and monkeys live. Many major tributaries of the Amazon river are unexplored. Botanists still manage to bring back dozens of unclassified plants and animals from their excursions. Many of the known species are rare or on the verge of extinction; they include many snakes, monkeys and the river dolphin, subject of many Amazonian legends. The Amazon boasts over 200 species of mosquito and, more pleasantly, more than 1800 types of butterfly. The enormous diversity of fish in the Amazon means that biologists are unable to catalogue or identify 30% of the catch they come across.


The Mata Atlantica


The surviving coastal rainforest has been reduced to 1% of its original size thanks to logging and farming. The remaining areas of Mata Atlantica, mostly near the big cities of Rio and São Paulo, are home to endangered animals such as the howler monkey, puma, giant anteater, otter, spider monkey and golden-lion tamarin, as well as supporting approximately 900 different bird species, among which 180 are endemic.


The Caatinga


These are dry areas, mainly in the Northeast, where the almost desert-like environment shelters wildlife such as anteaters, armadillos and macaws.



The Cerrado


These are grassy plains or savannah which stretch from the Northeast down to the Southwest. Foxes, armadillos and rheas are native to these areas, although agriculture has reduced their numbers, as well as putting the maned wolf on the endangered species list.